He primarily identified as a painter during this time, and his early exhibited artworks had a wide range of influences, including science fiction, Catholic art and Pop art. In September 1968, Smithson published the essay "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects" in Artforum that promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists, and in 1969 he began producing land art pieces to further explore concepts gained from his readings of William S. Burroughs, J.G. His large-scale sculptures, called Earthworks, engaged directly with nature and were created by moving and constructing with vast amounts of soil and rocks. A pivotal figure in the evolution of post-war sculpture, Robert Smithson created iconic Land art that radically changed prevailing ideas about the making and viewing of art. Ballard, and George Kubler. His new work abandoned the preoccupation with the body that had been common in his earlier work. Smithson did not see entropy as a disadvantage; he saw it as a form of transformation of society and culture, which is shown in his artwork like his non-site pieces. Robert Smithson. The work of Robert Smithson comes tightly wrapped in some ­unforgiving artistic concepts. The work has since been demolished, and only concrete remains in the grass. In 1973, he died in an aircraft accident when he was surveying the site for another Earthwork in Texas. Paintings from 1959 to 1962 explored "mythical religious archetypes" and were also based on Dante's Divine Comedysuch as the paint… Robert Smithson . Born: January 2, 1938; Passaic, New Jersey, United States ; Died: July 20, 1973; Texas, United States ; Nationality: American; Art Movement: Environmental Art (Land art) Genre: installation; Field: painting, sculpture, installation, collage; Influenced by: Joseph Beuys; Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Smithson He studied painting and drawing in New York City at the Art Students League of New York from 1955 to 1956 and then briefly at the Brooklyn Museum School. Broken Circle/Spiral Hill. In 1999, Nancy Holt, fellow land artist and Smithson’s wife, and the Robert Smithson Estate gifted Spiral Jetty to the Dia Art Foundation, which is now responsible for the work, though that future is uncertain. One of the most renowned works of land art, Robert Smithson’s Spiral Jetty embodies considerations that share affinities with what will later be found in the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. Smithson made the work at the invitation of the Sonsbeek buiten de perken (Beyond the Pale) exhibition. Torn Photograph from the 2nd Stop (Rubble)..., 1970, Double Nonsite, California and Nevada, 1968–1969, RING OF SULFUR ON FLAT PLAIN, HOUSTON..., 1972, Torn Photograph from the Second Stop..., 1970. artnet and our partners use cookies to provide features on our sites and applications to improve your online experience, including for analysis of site usage, traffic measurement, and for advertising and content management. This resulted in the series of 'non-sites' in which earth and rocks collected from a specific area are installed in the gallery as sculptures, often combined with mirrors or glass. In Smithson’s eyes entropy was the second law of thermodynamics, which exploits the range of energy by telling us that energy is easier lost than obtained. Smithson preferred to work with ruined or exhausted sites In June 1971, the American artist Robert Smithson (1938–1973) completed the land art project Broken Circle/Spiral Hill in a sand quarry in Emmen. All rights reserved. Smithson created many inspirational pieces, which have lasted throughout the years, not only through land art but also with drawings, sculptures, films and writings. 4:00 A.M. Oy. The Jetty is a site-specific work, meant to interact with changing conditions of the surrounding water, land, and atmosphere. “The strata of the Earth is a jumbled museum,” he once mused. Get the latest news on the events, trends, and people that shape the global art market with our daily newsletter. Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Robert Smithson (1938 - 1973) is an artist who recalibrated the possibilities of art. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). in Oswego Lake Quadrangle (1954-55) (1967) Robert Smithson Mirror with Rock Salt (Salt Mine and Museum Proposal) 1968 Robert Smithson Fossil Quarry Mirror (Outdoor and Indoor Proposal) 1968 Robert Smithson Corner Mirror with Coral 1969 When Smithson was nine his family moved to the Allwood section of Clifton. Robert Smithson Ruin of Map of Hipparchus (100 B.C.) Smithson (1938-73) came of age in the 1960s when a flurry of knotty movements, ideas and adherences were gaining purchase – minimalism, land art, psychogeography, site-specific art, video art and more. Smithson became affiliated with artists who were identified with the minimalist or Primary Structures movement, such as Nancy Holt (whom he married), Robert Morris and Sol LeWitt. Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson's Land Art Masterwork Robert Smithson (American, 1938–1973), Spiral Jetty, 1970, Rozel Point, Great Salt Lake, Utah, black basalt rock, salt crystals, earth, and water, 1,500 ft. long and approximately 15 ft. wide. Emmen, The Netherlands. Smithson grew up in New Jersey, and moved to New York in the 1950s to study at the Art Students’ League and the Brooklyn Museum School. Robert Smithson, American sculptor and writer associated with the Land Art movement. He primarily identified himself as a painter during this time, but after a three-year rest from the art world, Smithson emerged in 1964 as a proponent of the emerging minimalist movement. Robert Smithson was a seminal American artist and writer known for pioneering the Land Art movement. Some of Smithson's later writings recovered 18th- and 19th-century conceptions of landscape architecture which influenced the pivotal earthwork explorations which characterized his later work. Working with unconventional materials including soil, rocks, disused industrial sites, and language, the artist explored the metaphorical qualities inherent in geological formations and the process of entropy. Robert Smithson in Texas is the first examination of five projects Smithson proposed throughout the state of Texas. Biography. Non-sites is the title Robert Smithson gave to a group of geologically and geographically based works he began in 1968. Robert Smithson is the first comprehensive American retrospective of the complex and highly influential career of artist Robert Smithson (1938–73). 1971. He loaded a dump truck with hot asphalt, and then had the truck discharge the contents down the sides of a quarry, so that the mixture cooled and hardened as it fell, ultimately seeming to fuse with the sides of the quarry. Partially Buried Woodshed is a work of land art created by Robert Smithson. A pivotal figure in the evolution of post-war sculpture, Robert Smithson created iconic Land art that radically changed prevailing ideas about the making and viewing of art. Robert Smithson (American, 1938–1973) was a painter and sculptor best known for his mature Land Art pieces, such as Spiral Jetty (1970). His monumental earthen sculptures such as Spiral Jetty (1970), were inspired by the Minimalist work of his contemporaries, as well as geology, science fiction, and the concept of entropy. The full text of the article is here →, Smithson at the site of Spiral Jetty (1970), Great Salt Lake, Utah, April 1970. He eventually joined the Dwan Gallery, whose owner Virginia Dwan was an enthusiastic supporter of his work. Working with unconventional materials including soil, rocks, disused industrial sites, and language, the artist explored the metaphorical qualities inherent in geological formations and the process of entropy. Robert Smithson, an American artist and writer active in the 1960s and early ’70s, is perhaps best known for his so-called “earthworks.” Smithson died tragically in a plane crash in 1973 at the age of thirty-five while surveying the west Texas landscape as the site for a new earthwork, Amarillo Ramp. Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970, Rozel Point, Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1500 (if unwound) x 15 foot spiral of basalt, sand, and soil, ©Holt-Smithson Foundation Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris The Legacy of a Pioneering Land Art Intervention in Utah. © Holt/Smithson Foundation and Dia Art Foundation, licensed by VAGA, New York. It was created at Kent State University in January 1970. He said that in the ultimate future the universe will burn out into an all encompassing sameness. For over fifty years Robert Smithson's work and ideas have influenced artists and thinkers, building the ground from which contemporary art has grown. The painter, sculptor, theorist, filmmaker, and photographer Robert Smithson helped pioneer the Earthwork Movement of the late 1960s and 1970s, which took as its subject the artistic reordering of the American landscape in its many varied forms. His ideas on entropy also branched out into culture, “the urban sprawl and the infinite number of housing developments of the post war boom have contributed to the architect of entropy”. By continuing to use our sites and applications, you agree to our use of cookies. Smithson used the idea of entropy to explore ideas of decay and renewal, chaos and order, non-sites and earthworks, trying to find equilibrium between these opposites. ©2020 Artnet Worldwide Corporation. He produced drawings and collage works that incorporated images from natural history, science fiction films, classical art, religious iconography, and pornography including "homoerotic clippings from beefcake magazines". Towards the end of the film Robert Smithson made about the construction of “Spiral Jetty”, an earthwork at Rozel Point, Utah, we see the artist running its 1,500ft length. Partially Buried Woodshed. Smithson was born in Passaic, New Jersey and early on lived mostly in Rutherford. Artworks See all 8 artworks › Chalk-Mirror Displacement, 1969 Robert Smithson; Study for Earthwork Proposal, 1969 Robert Smithson; Study for the Sculpture Glass Strata with Mulch and Soil, 1969 Robert Smithson; Discontinuous Aggregates, 1966 Robert Smithson; Trailer Partially Covered with Asphalt, 1970 Crystalline structures and the concept of entropy became of particular interest to him, and informed a number of sculptures completed during this period, including Alogon 2. Instead he began to use glass sheet and neon lighting tubes to explore visual refraction and mirroring, in particular the sculpture Enantiomorphic Chambers. Overview On view in these galleries are five of Robert Smithson’s indoor earthworks from the late 1960s, made with materials such as sand, gravel, mirrors, and glass. Earthwork. Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970 (Great Salt Lake, Utah) A Monument to Paradox and Transience A loud abrasive buzzing bellows from the nightstand and I raise my head, only to be blinded by the red light emanating from the small—in size, not volume—machine against a backdrop of pure blackness. In 1967 Smithson began exploring industrial areas around New Jersey and was fascinated by the sight of dump trucks excavating tons of earth and rock that he described in an essay as the equivalents of the monuments of antiquity. Smithson created Asphalt Rundown - the first monumental Earthwork that he made outside, to be seen outside - in a quarry on the outskirts of Rome. 1969. Cava dei Selce, Rome, Italy. In 1970, he produced the Earthwork, or Land art, for which he is best known, Spiral Jetty, a remarkable coil of rock composed in the colored waters of the shore of the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

robert smithson artworks

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